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African Renaissance Conference 2017

                                                  

     

    Highlights of the 2050 Africa Integrated
    Maritime (AIM) Strategy Plan
     

    ▶▶ VISION STATEMENT
    The overarching vision of the 2050 AIM Strategy is to foster increased wealth creation from Africa’s oceans and seas by developing a sustainable thriving blue economy in a secure and environmentally sustainable manner.

     


     

    The 2050 Africa Integrated Maritime (AIM) Strategy plan was adopted at The 22nd Ordinary Session of the African Union (AU) Summit which ended on Friday January 31, 2014 at the AU headquarters in Addis
    Ababa, Ethiopia. In addition, the assembly invited regional economic communities and regional mechanisms to develop and adopt a regional strategy against piracy, armed robbery and other illegal activities committed at sea, consistent with the 2050 AIM Strategy.


    As the second biggest continent and the largest island, Africa’s 43 million km² area covers one-fifth of the total surface of the earth. Its total length of coastline, including its islands, is over 26,000
    nautical miles. Thirty-eight (38) African countries are either coastal or island states while fifty-two (52) of its over one hundred port facilities handle containers and various forms of cargo. Whilst African owned ships account for about 1.2% of world shipping by number and about 0.9% by gross tonnage, the ports handle only 6% of worldwide water borne cargo traffic and approximately 3% of the worldwide container traffic. The 2050 AIM Strategy states that Africa’s inland waters, oceans and seas are under pressure. Over the years, traditional maritime activities, such as shipping or fisheries have intensified, while new
    ones, such as aquaculture or offshore renewable energy, emerged. However, the rise in intensity of activities at sea is taking place against the backdrop of insecurity,
    including:
     

    Transnational Organized Crimes in the maritime domain (includes Money Laundering, Illegal Arms and Drug Traffic, Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea, Illegal Oil bunkering / Crude Oil Theft along African coasts, Maritime Terrorism, Human Trafficking, Human Smuggling and Asylum Seekers Travelling by Sea);
     

    •  Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing - IUU Fishing - and overfishing, nd Environmental Crimes (includes eliberate shipwrecking and oil spillage s well as dumping of toxic wastes);
    • Natural Disasters, Marine Environmental Degradation and climate change;
    • Strategic Communications Systems;
    • Vulnerable legal framework;
    •  Lack of and/or poorly maintained aids to navigation and modern hydrographic urveys, up-to-date nautical charts and aritime safety information in a number f AU Member States. or this reason, the time has come for frica to rethink how to manage her nland water ways, oceans and seas. They are a key pillar for all AU Member States’ economic and social development, and re vital in the fight against poverty and nemployment. There is also the urgent mperative to develop a sustainable “blue conomy” initiative which would be a arine version of the green economy, ne that improves African citizens wellbeing while significantly reducing marine nvironmental risks as well as ecological nd biodiversity deficiencies.The Strategy aims to foster more wealth creation from Africa’s oceans, seas and nland water ways by developing a thriving aritime economy and realizing the full otential of sea-based activities in an nvironmentally sustainable manner. It oes without saying that the preservation of Africa’s marine environment is vital to growing its GDP, share of global and regional trade, competitiveness, long-term rowth and employment. Accordingly, the ccompanying Plan of Action to the Strategy utlines the required objectives that are efined by related activities, outcomes, time rames and executing agents. The objectives over projections for new institutions and tructures, wealth creation and human esource development, as well as capacity uilding for maritime governance.

    GOALS
    The 2050 AIM Strategy aims to achieve the following:

     


    A comprehensive understanding of existing and potential challenges, including allocation of resources to identified priorities over a pre-determined timeframe. ӹӹ A comprehensive, concerted, coherent and
    coordinated approach that improves maritime conditions with respect to environmental and socio-economic development as well as the capacity to generate wealth from sustainable governance of Africa’s seas and oceans.
     

    • A common template for the AU, the ECs/RMs, and relevant Organizations; and Member States, to guide maritime review, budgetary planning and effective allocation of resources, in order to enhance maritime viability for an integrated and prosperous Africa.
    • A business plan that specifies milestones, capacity building targets and implementation equirements, including technical nd financial support from within frica and also from development partners.

    STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES
    In keeping with the AU principles and the deep-rooted values enshrined in the Constitutive Act of the AU with applicable programs, the following objectives will guide the 2050 AIM Strategy’s activities:
     

    • Establish a Combined Exclusive Maritime Zone of Africa (CEMZA)
    •  Engage civil society and all other stakeholders to improve awareness on maritime issues
    • Enhance political will at community, national, regional and continental levels
    • Enhance wealth creation, and regional and international trade performance through maritime-centric capacity and capability building 
    • Ensure security and safety of maritime transportation systems 
    • Minimize environmental damage and expedite recovery from catastrophic events
    • Prevent hostile and criminal acts at sea, and Coordinate/harmonize the prosecution of the offenders 
    • Protect populations, including AMD heritage, assets and critical infrastructure from maritime pollution and dumping of toxic and nuclear waste
    • Improve Integrated Coastal Zone/Area Management in Africa
    • Promote the ratification, domestication nd implementation of international egal instruments 
    • Ensure synergies and coherence between sectoral policies within and between the RECs/ RMs 
    • Protect the right of access to sea and freedom of transit of goods for landlyconnected States

    Accordingly, the 2050 AIM Strategy provides a broad framework for the protection and sustainable exploitation of the AMD for wealth creation. The strategy is the product of cross-cutting inputs from African experts that includes Think Tanks, NGOs and Academia, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Regional Mechanisms (RMs), AU Member States, specialized institutions and other important stakeholders such as Maritime Organization of West and Central Africa (MOWCA), African Port Management Associations (APMA), Union of African Shippers Council (UASC), Maritime Training Institutions, all MoUs on Port State Control, the United Nations, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Labour Organization (ILO), World Trade Organization (WTO), World Custom Organization (WCO), International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), Global Shippers Forum (GSF), International Hydrography Organization (IHO) and
    the private sector. It is structured to address contending, emerging and future maritime challenges and opportunities in Africa, taking into account the interest of landly connected countries, with a clear
    focus on enhanced wealth creation from a sustainable governance of Africa’s inland waters, oceans and seas

     

    ." Together, let’s navigate the future… now! Keep an eye on www.au.int/maritime, and swim with us on Twitter and Facebook in Arabic, English, French, Portuguese and… Kiswahili. Fair winds!”

    (End of year email sent on 16 Dec. 2011, by H.E. Mr. Erastus Mwencha,
    Deputy Chairperson of the AUC to all Staff
    in Addis and around the world, all Member
    States and Partners.)